Angles

Angles are one of the most basic and most used concepts in mathematics. They are used in physics, sports, art, construction… in almost every part of human activity, as well as in nature. They designate the measure of a rotation. It is almost impossible to go through life without encountering angles or having to use some knowledge about them. That is why we are going to show you a few basic things about them.

The easiest way to get a grasp around angles and the basic expressions that go with them is to imagine a clock. An analog clock, not a digital one. A clock that has hands and a dial and numbers from 1 to 12 marked on its face. Now, imagine that the clock shows that it is two o’clock in the afternoon, with the big hand on 12 and the little hand on two. In mathematical terms, those two hands represent rays that form an area which is called an angle. The center of the clock (the point in which the two hands meet) is called the vertex of the angle. The measure of an angle can be expressed using a number of units, but the most often used are radians and degrees.

right angles

Radians are the ratios between the length of an arc and its radius. A degree is the 360th part of a full rotation. Again, if you are having trouble grasping that, remember the clock. As time passes, the hands of a clock move to a certain extent. If there was a pencil on the end of the big hand, every 60 minutes it would draw a full circle. In that case the hand made a 360 degree turn. Every minute, the measure of the angle between the position of the hand now and the position it held a minute before is 6 degrees (360/60). That is because it traveled the distance that is 1/60th of a full rotation. One degree is the angle the two positions form when the hand travels 1/6th of that distance.

Basic types of angles

angles

There are several basic types of angles, depending on their size. If they are smaller than ¼ of a rotation (or 90 degrees) are called acute angles. If the measure of an angle is exactly 90 degrees, it is called a right angle. If the measure of an angle is larger than 90 degrees, but smaller than 180 degrees, the angle is called an obtuse angle. The one that is precisely 180 degrees large is called a straight angle (basically, this one is a straight line – think of a clock showing 9.15 am). An angle that is larger than 180 degrees but smaller than a full turn is called a reflex angle.

Relationships between angles

Adjacent angles are two angles that are side by side and share a common ray. Complementary angles are the angles that add up to 90 degrees.  Supplementary angles are two angles that add up to 180 degrees. When two rays intersect, they form four angles. The angles that directly oppose each other in that setup are called vertical angles.

These are the bare basics you have to know when it comes to angles. As we proceed to collect more mathematical knowledge, this article will be expanded to provide the information about angles necessary for understanding the more complex subjects.

If you wish to practice what you learned about angles so far, please feel free to use the math worksheets below.

relationships between angles

Angles exams for teachers

Exam Name File Size Downloads Upload date
Plane figures
Plane figures – Angles – very easy 134.2 kB 1351 October 13, 2012
Plane figures – Angles – easy 132.1 kB 853 October 13, 2012
Plane figures – Angles – medium 129.1 kB 1082 October 13, 2012
Plane figures – Angles – hard 134.7 kB 1114 October 13, 2012
Plane figures – Angles – complete 142.9 kB 1339 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship
Angle relationship – Name the relationship – very easy 183.8 kB 1336 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Name the relationship – easy 197.5 kB 993 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Name the relationship – medium 203.4 kB 1317 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Name the relationship – hard 222.7 kB 946 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Name the relationship – very hard 257.8 kB 944 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Measures
Angle relationship – Find angle measures – very easy 184.8 kB 1308 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Find angle measures – easy 201.8 kB 1208 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Find angle measures – medium 221.7 kB 1941 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Find angle measures – hard 230.1 kB 1279 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Find angle measures – very hard 246.2 kB 1374 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Solve equations
Angle relationship – Solve equations – very easy 242.8 kB 1368 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Solve equations – easy 253.9 kB 1203 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Solve equations – medium 292.8 kB 1682 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Solve equations – hard 277.1 kB 1119 October 13, 2012
Angle relationship – Solve equations – very hard 305.9 kB 1245 October 13, 2012

Plane figures – angle relationships worksheets for students

Worksheet Name File Size Downloads Upload date
Plane Figures – Angles – Draw an angle 931.1 kB 907 October 14, 2012
Plane Figures – Angles – Measure an angle 1 MB 840 October 14, 2012
Angle Relationships – Name the relationship 6.8 MB 1051 October 14, 2012
Angle Relationships – Find angle measures 7.5 MB 1603 October 14, 2012
Angle Relationships – Solve equations 9 MB 1346 October 14, 2012