Solid figures

Solid figures are objects in three-dimensional space. That means they have width, length and height. There are many kinds of solid figures, but the basic types are: spheres, prisms, cylinders, pyramids and cones. They have several components – faces, edges and a base. Faces are the flat surfaces on the solid figure. They can be in different shapes – circles, triangles, rectangles and squares. The only solid figures that do not have faces are spheres.

solid figures

Bases are sides and polygons by which the figure is named and edges are the line segments where two segments of a solid figure meet. We will now describe to you the kinds you will encounter most often.

Spheres

Spheres are perfectly round three-dimensional geometrical objects. It is completely symmetrical around its center, which means that all points on its surface are equally distant from its center. Since it resembles a circle in any two-dimensional perspective, it shares some of its elements. As the circle, it also has a radius and a diameter. The radius (r ) is the distance from the center of the sphere to any point on its surface, while the diameter (d ) is the maximum straight distance through the sphere. It is also the only object without any straight surfaces.

In this phase of your education, you will have to know two things about spheres: how to calculate the volume of a sphere and how to determine the size of its surface area.

The volume of a sphere (V ) can be easily calculated by inserting the known radius of the sphere into this formula:

V = (4/3) * π * r3

The surface area of a sphere (A ) is calculated in a similar way, using this formula:

A = 4 * π * r2

 

Cylinders

Basically, a cylinder is an object whose surface is defined as being formed by the points that are at a fixed length from the imaginary axis that passes through the center of the two parallel circles which make the faces of the cylinder.

Cylinders have two circles for faces, one of them is a base. Its volume can be is calculated as the product of the surface of one of its bases and the height of the cylinder. The formula for this is:

V = π * h * r2

The surface area of a cylinder can be calculated using this equation:

A = 2 * π *r * (r+h)

 

Prisms

A prism is a polyhedron ( a three-dimensional  solid) , a geometric solid with flat faces and straight sides.  There are many kinds of prisms and they are mostly named with respect to the shape of its base. They can be triangular prisms ( a triangle as a base), rectangular, square prisms, pentagonal, hexagonal and so on.

Its volume can be calculated using the equation:

V = B * h

The surface area though depends on the type of prism. If it is a right prism, then the formula goes like this:

A = 2 * B + P * h

This is the basic information about the basic solid figures. There are very many of them and soon we hope to add most of them in the archive of this site and know what does viagra do. In the mean time, you can practice what you learned about solid figures so far with the help of our free math worksheets below.

Solid figures exams for teachers

Exam Name File Size Downloads Upload date
Prism
Solid figures – Prism – very easy 0 B 3297 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Prism – easy 0 B 3036 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Prism – medium 0 B 3140 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Prism – hard 0 B 1836 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Prism – very hard 0 B 1698 January 1, 1970
Pyramid
Solid figures – Pyramid – very easy 0 B 1851 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Pyramid – easy 0 B 1653 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Pyramid – medium 0 B 2081 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Pyramid – hard 0 B 1388 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Pyramid – very hard 0 B 1266 January 1, 1970
Cylinder
Solid figures – Cylinder – easy 0 B 2127 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Cylinder – medium 0 B 2276 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Cylinder – hard 0 B 1543 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Cylinder – very hard 0 B 1365 January 1, 1970
Cones
Solid figures – Cones – easy 0 B 2098 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Cones – medium 0 B 1739 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Cones – hard 0 B 1471 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Cones – very hard 0 B 1262 January 1, 1970
Spheres
Solid figures – Spheres – easy 0 B 1826 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Spheres – medium 0 B 1697 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Spheres – hard 0 B 1487 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Spheres – very hard 0 B 1306 January 1, 1970
Complete
Solid figures – Complete – very easy 0 B 2489 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Complete – easy 0 B 2204 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Complete – medium 0 B 2629 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Complete – hard 0 B 1650 January 1, 1970
Solid figures – Complete – very hard 0 B 1699 January 1, 1970

 

Solid figures worksheets for students

Worksheet Name File Size Downloads Upload date
Identify each prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone or sphere 0 B 3698 January 1, 1970
Find the volume of each prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone or sphere 0 B 3658 January 1, 1970
Find the surface area of each prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone or sphere 0 B 2794 January 1, 1970