Circle
A circle is a plane figure, a shape in Euclidian geometry that consists of points which are all equally distant from a given point in space. That distance is called the radius (r) and that given point is called the center (marked by the symbol O ). A straight line that connects two points on the opposite sides of a circle and goes through the center is called the diameter (d). Its length is twice the length of the radius.
Circumference of a circle
The circumference of a circle (we will use the letter C as the symbol) is the length of the curved line that forms the circle or, in other words, the distance around the outside of the circle. It can be calculated using the formula:
C = 2 * r * π
or
C = d * π
Let us go and find the circumference of this circle as an example:
Its diameter is 5 cm, so when we introduce that measure into the formula, we get:
C = 5π cm
You can leave the result in this form, it is perfectly fine. In fact, this is considered an exact result. But if you wish to (for whatever reason) convert it into numbers, just do the multiplication and round the result to the nearest tenth or any number of decimals you want.
Area of a circle
The Greek mathematician Archimedes determined that the area a circle encloses (A) is equal to the area enclosed by a triangle whose base is the same length as the circumference of the circle and whose height is equal to the radius of the circle. The formula that we use to calculate that area is:
A = π * r^{2}
As an example, we will now find the area of this circle:
You can see that the radius of this circle is 3 cm. We put that number into our formula and we get:
A = π * 3^{2}
A = 9π cm
As before, you can opt to leave the result as it is or do the multiplication and get a completely numeric result.
More examples
Calculate the area of a circle whose circumference is 8π centimeters in length.
This example is a bit more complicated since it requires some thinking and a bit more calculation, but it is very simple to solve. First, we will write down the formula for the circumference and insert the values we know. This will allow us to calculate the radius of the circle.
C = 2 * r * π
8π = 2 * r * π : 2π
r = 4 cm
Now that we know the radius, we just have to insert it into the area formula and do the simple math.
A = π * r^{2}
A = π * 4^{2}
A = 16π cm^{2}
Our solution is 16π cm^{2}, or if we push it a bit further:
A = 50,3 cm^{2}
These are the basic mathematical terms and concepts connected to circles. As we expand the base of knowledge here on MathX, we will add new information to this article as well. If you wish to practice what you learned about the circle so far, please feel free to use the math worksheets below.
Circle exams for teachers
Exam Name  File Size  Downloads  Upload date 
Radius


Circles – Radius – very easy  257.1 kB  1107  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Radius – easy  264.6 kB  970  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Radius – medium  528.8 kB  1174  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Radius – hard  532.5 kB  1052  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Radius – very hard  285.5 kB  1070  October 13, 2012 
Diameter


Circles – Diameter – very easy  221.4 kB  982  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Diameter – easy  288 kB  884  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Diameter – medium  538.7 kB  1015  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Diameter – hard  537.6 kB  942  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Diameter – very hard  532 kB  934  October 13, 2012 
Circumference


Circles – Circumference – very easy  221.4 kB  982  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Circumference – easy  288 kB  884  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Circumference – medium  535.9 kB  1169  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Circumference – hard  534.6 kB  1045  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Circumference – very hard  535.5 kB  1124  October 13, 2012 
Area


Circles – Area – very easy  283 kB  990  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Area – easy  278.8 kB  974  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Area – medium  538.5 kB  1177  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Area – hard  539.4 kB  1050  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Area – very hard  545.4 kB  1029  October 13, 2012 
Complete


Circles – Complete – very easy  267.1 kB  1053  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Complete – easy  281.7 kB  967  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Complete – medium  538.5 kB  1177  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Complete – hard  539.4 kB  1050  October 13, 2012 
Circles – Complete – very hard  545.4 kB  1029  October 13, 2012 
Circle worksheets for students
Worksheet Name  File Size  Downloads  Upload date 
Circles – Radius  8 MB  1213  October 14, 2012 
Circles – Diameter  8.4 MB  1132  October 14, 2012 
Circles – Circumference  45.9 kB  3617  October 14, 2012 
Circles – Area  45.1 kB  1394  October 14, 2012 